October 9, 2008
The development of a glowing protein from a jellyfish that is now used widely in genetic engineering – such as the transgenic fish TK-1 – and medical research has won three scientists from America and Japan the £800,000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Osama Shimomura, of the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory in Massachussetts, isolated the protein in 1962.
Martin Chalfe, of Columbia University in New York, engineered it into bacteria and nematode worms, and Roger Tsien, of the University of California, San Diego, identified several other fluorescent proteins.
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